American education in general, and science education specifically have been radically and negatively impacted by high-stakes testing.
High-stakes testing, as set forth in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), is the idea that the pressure of such tests will increase student achievement. But one of the major studies cited here finds that the pressure created by high-stakes tests has no important influence on academic performance (Nichols, Glass & Berliner, 2005).
In this study, which was published in 2005, the researchers found that:
- States with greater proportions of minority students exert greater pressure, and thus will disproportionately affect minority students.